Best treatment for vitiligo and how to care

Vitiligo is a long lasting skin problem that produces patches of white depigmentation that develop and enlarge in certain areas of the body. The patches appear when melanocytes within the skin die. Melanocytes are the cells that is responsible for producing the skin pigment – melanin – which gives skin its color and protects it from the sun’s Ultraviolet rays.

vitiligo-and-how-to-care

It greatly varies from one individual to another that the total area of the skin could be affected by vitiligo skin disorder. This vitiligo disorder could also affect the eyes,interiors of mouth and hair.  It is observed that in most of the cases, the affected areas remains discolored in the rest of life.

The characteristics of this skin disorder are the sudden loss of the The characteristics of Vitiligo skin disorder are sudden loss of the skin color which is inherited since birth. Anyway, without being affected it is a long recognition as the cause of this disease is still unknown. The loss in skin colour yields white patches of various sizes, which can be localised anywhere across the body. Be it a men, women, child or adult, this disease might affect everyone. Approximately 1 in 200 of the world population get affected from vitiligo. The affected individual shows often-severe disfigurement, particularly when the face and the hands are involved.

Fews raw facts about the vitiligo disorder.

  • Vitiligo can affect people of any age, race or gender
  • Vitiligo cannot be cured
  • Vitiligo affects melanocytes that produce the pigment melanin
  • Some scientists think that vitiligo might be caused by a virus
  • Vitiligo is not contagious.
  • Exposure to UVA or UVB light help the victim with the condition
  • If more than 50% of the skin is affected, depigmentation might be an option

Diagnosis and Treatment of Vitiligo

During physical exam the doctor usually make the diagnosis of vitiligo but there is no known solution to prevent or cure this vitiligo. However, several processes like cosmetics, re-pigmentation using UV light therapy, corticosteroid creams, depigmentation of skin areas unaffected and skin grafting can also be used to improvise the appearance of skin severely affected by vitiligo.

Caring the vitiligo skin disorder:

Always protect your skin, particularly if you have fair skin, use sunscreen to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays. The sunscreen creams or lotions might help to protect your skin from sunburn and long-term damage. Sunscreen creams/lotions also minimizes tanning, which might make the contrast between normal and depigmented skin less noticeable.

Conceal the imperfections. Cosmetics cover the white patches on your skin and may improve your appearance. This also help you feel better about yourself. But these cosmetic products are effective particularly if you have vitiligo that’s limited to the exposed areas of your body. You might need to experiment with several brands of concealing cosmetics, such as Dermablend or Chromelin, before finding a product that works best for you.

How to treat scalp psoriasis

The Scalp psoriasis is a common skin disorder that makes the scalp raised, reddish and often scaly patches. The scalp psoriasis can even pop up as a single patch or several patches, and can even affect your entire scalp. This can also spread to your forehead, the back of your neck, and behind your ears.

scalp-psoriasis

The scalp psoriasis can either be very

The scalp psoriasis could either be mild fine scaling or it could also be severe crusted plaques covering the entire scalp. Other skin disorders, like seborrheic dermatitis, might also look similar to psoriasis. The scalp psoriasis appears powdery silvery sheen, while seborrheic dermatitis appears yellowish and little greasy.

Treating scalp psoriasis:

One’s psoriasis may become less responsive to medications after repeated use, hence the Treatments are often combined and rotated. The systemic treatments are not commonly used just for scalp psoriasis but may be used if psoriasis is present anywhere else on the body and the psoriasis is moderate to severe.

  1. Mild scalp psoriasis:

For very mild scalp psoriasis, tar products and salicylic acid generally work. There are also many other coal tar and non-coal tar medicated shampoos for treating scalp lesions on the market. These medicated shampoos are designed for the scalp, not the hair.

Sometimes doctors might have to inject scalp lesions with steroid medications. This could be done only when the scalp psoriasis is mild and involves a few areas. Steroid injections are given sparingly because the medication could be absorbed into the system.

  1. Moderate to severe scalp psoriasis:

If the scalp psoriasis is more or severe, you might have to try a different treatment plans before you find the one which would work for you. If there is crusting of the scalp along with scaling and the lymph nodes in your neck are enlarged, this indicates a yeast infection and your doctor might prescribe antimicrobial treatment.

The medications applied to the skin are usually the first attempt of defense in treating psoriasis. But prescription topicals can either slow down or normalize excessive cell growth and reduce inflammation which is associated with psoriasis. They may or may not include steroids.

This psoriasis treatment require special precautions before and during pregnancy. It is important to consult your doctor to verify if the psoriasis treatments are safe for pregnancy and nursing.

Few common topical treatments for scalp psoriasis are:

  • Anthralin
  • Dovonex
  • Taclonex
  • Tazorac

And few Common systemic medication treatments for psoriasis are:

  • Methotrexate
  • Oral retinoids
  • Cyclosporine
  • Biologics
  • Ultraviolet light
  1. Scalp itch:

Itching is a major problem for those with scalp psoriasis. Over-the-counter tar shampoos and shampoos that contain menthol can help reduce itching. Topical steroids and oral antihistamines are also effective for reducing scalp itch.

Hair blocks ultraviolet (UV) light treatments from reaching the scalp. You can achieve better results with conventional UV units if you part your hair into many partitions, if you have very thin hair or if you shave your head. Hand-held devices called UV combs are available to deliver a higher intensity of UV light. Natural sunlight may also help if the hair is very thin or your head is shaved.

How to prevent from warts

Warts are the raised bumps on your skin caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Warts have plagued humans for thousands of years — It was mentioned by Shakespeare that it’s been discovered on 3,000-year-old mummies and are ugly, potentially embarrassing, contagious, and they can be painful.

While, even the  dermatologists doesn’t know why, certain people are more likely to get warts than others. Especially, children get warts more often than adults, because their immune systems would As their immune systems would have not built up to defence against the numerous types of human papillomavirus that exists.

prevention-of-warts

Warts causes:

Warts usually occur on your skin when the virus comes in contact and causes an infection. Warts Warts develop on broken skin like nicked hangnails or nicked skin caused by shaving, because the virus is able to enter the top layer of skin through scratches or cuts easily.

Warts are contagious:

Unfortunately, the warts are contagious. Warts might start to appear on your body if you touch warts on someone else’s body or being in contact with the surfaces that has been touched by someone’s warts, such as bath mats, towels, clothes.

It is important to watch yourself to not pick at your warts and to wash your hands promptly and thoroughly anytime you touch one of the warts on your body. If you already have warts on your body where you would shave, you should definitely keep in mind that shaving over the wart could easily transfer the virus to razor and then spread it to other areas of your body.

Prevention of Warts:

warts Prevention is better than the cure. Yes, everyone has to take these words as seriously as possible. Because, tough skin warts cannot be prevented, but there are numerous precautionary measures that you can take to minimize the risk of acquiring warts. One of the most important things you will have to follow is wash your hands regularly and keep yourself tidy. Also, it is advisable to keep your skin healthy, moisturized, and free from cuts. If you are habitual to bite nails or cuticles, please do your best to stop. Biting nails creates an opening for virus to enter your skin. Be careful before using someone else’s towel at public places like gym or anywhere else. And you will always have to wear rubber soled flip-flops or sandals in public locker rooms and showers.