How to get rid of warts and treatments
A wart can be defined as a small, hard abnormal elevation of the skin caused by papovavirus. As this virus comes in contact with the skin and results in infection. Warts are contagious and can occur in coming with a surface that has been touched by someone’s wart like towels or bathmats. They can spread from one to another part of the body.
Here are some treatments that can help you in the removal of warts:
Acid (Liquid or Patch) – It is one of the common treatment of wart, a special acid called salicylic acid to apply on the wart. The acid hurts a bit like a sting. Apply it on the wart or put the patch on it that has acid. Before applying the acid soak the wart with warm water and then buff it with any rough thing. This process helps the acid to work better. The acid peels away the skin and thus the wart comes out.
Freezing Medicine (Cryotherapy) – This treatment is done by a doctor after applying liquid nitrogen on the wart. The wart will be freeze with a spray or cotton swab. It will result in a blister covering the surroundings of the wart. The dead tissues slough off in a week. This therapy is painful and the doctor may numb the area around the wart. To fight viral warts, it requires stimulating your immune system. It is a continuous process and may require a few sittings. In every 2 to 4 weeks a doctor visit is required till the wart vanishes entirely. This therapy after combining with salicylic acid gives even more effective results but is suited for specific cases only.
Surgical process is best suited in case the salicylic acid or freezing medicines do not work, here is a list of few surgical treatments:
Using other acids – The doctor shaves off the wart’s surface and applies trichloroacetic acid with the help of a wooden toothpick. It requires a few sittings at the doctor to get warts completely off. This treatment may cause stinging and burning.
Immune therapy - This treatment stimulates the immune system and fights viral warts. The doctor injects the wart with antigen or applies any solution on the wart.
Minor surgery – The doctor cuts the wart or destroys it with an electric needle. The procedure is painful and the doctor first numbs the area. The procedure could result in a scar so it is used in case of plantar warts when all other treatments have failed.
Laser treatment - Pulsed dye laser treatment is used to close (cauterizes) the tiny blood vessels. The treatment is used to destroy the infected tissue so that the wart falls off on its own. The treatment also requires repeat treatments in every 3 to 4 weeks. Though the procedure is widely used but has limited success and is also very painful and can cause scar also.
Vaccine - HPV vaccine is an effective procedure to treat warts. Although it is not targeted directly at the wart virus, still it affects the virus that causes warts. It is especially useful in case of plantar warts.
A skin specialist or a dermatologist is the best one to consult your problem with. Take advice from the specialist Dr. Navin Taneja-Dermatologist at The National Skin Center.