Vitiligo is a long lasting skin problem that produces patches of white depigmentation that develop and enlarge in certain areas of the body. The patches appear when melanocytes within the skin die. Melanocytes are the cells that is responsible for producing the skin pigment – melanin – which gives skin its color and protects it from the sun’s Ultraviolet rays.
It greatly varies from one individual to another that the total area of the skin could be affected by vitiligo skin disorder. This vitiligo disorder could also affect the eyes,interiors of mouth and hair. It is observed that in most of the cases, the affected areas remains discolored in the rest of life.
The characteristics of this skin disorder are the sudden loss of the The characteristics of Vitiligo skin disorder are sudden loss of the skin color which is inherited since birth. Anyway, without being affected it is a long recognition as the cause of this disease is still unknown. The loss in skin colour yields white patches of various sizes, which can be localised anywhere across the body. Be it a men, women, child or adult, this disease might affect everyone. Approximately 1 in 200 of the world population get affected from vitiligo. The affected individual shows often-severe disfigurement, particularly when the face and the hands are involved.
Fews raw facts about the vitiligo disorder.
- Vitiligo can affect people of any age, race or gender
- Vitiligo cannot be cured
- Vitiligo affects melanocytes that produce the pigment melanin
- Some scientists think that vitiligo might be caused by a virus
- Vitiligo is not contagious.
- Exposure to UVA or UVB light help the victim with the condition
- If more than 50% of the skin is affected, depigmentation might be an option
Diagnosis and Treatment of Vitiligo
During physical exam the doctor usually make the diagnosis of vitiligo but there is no known solution to prevent or cure this vitiligo. However, several processes like cosmetics, re-pigmentation using UV light therapy, corticosteroid creams, depigmentation of skin areas unaffected and skin grafting can also be used to improvise the appearance of skin severely affected by vitiligo.
Caring the vitiligo skin disorder:
Always protect your skin, particularly if you have fair skin, use sunscreen to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays. The sunscreen creams or lotions might help to protect your skin from sunburn and long-term damage. Sunscreen creams/lotions also minimizes tanning, which might make the contrast between normal and depigmented skin less noticeable.
Conceal the imperfections. Cosmetics cover the white patches on your skin and may improve your appearance. This also help you feel better about yourself. But these cosmetic products are effective particularly if you have vitiligo that’s limited to the exposed areas of your body. You might need to experiment with several brands of concealing cosmetics, such as Dermablend or Chromelin, before finding a product that works best for you.