Cystic Acne-Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Acne on the face or on any part of our body always affects us a lot and make us feel bad but cystic acne is the most dangerous type of acne because the cause of this acne is an internal skin infection. They occur when cysts from deep underneath your skin pop up due to bacteria, oil, and dry skin cells. They mostly appear on the face and on the upper trunk and upper arms. Well, everyone from young to old must know the causes, symptoms, treatments of cystic acne to keep their skin beautiful.

Causes of Acne

Cystic acne occurs because of pore blockage. The pores are blocked by skin cells, bacteria, and excess sebum. Once the pore is blocked, the infection can rise up in the pore and result in painful cystic acne. This type of acne most severely occurs in young adults with age between 11 to 18. Chemicals and drugs like phenytoin and lithium can also cause cystic acne.

Symptoms of Acne

Most types of acne give us pain, as well as their visibility on the skin, also make us unhappy. Cystic acne is more visible because it produces the cysts which are large, red and painful. They look like red tender, elevated soft bumps on the skin. According to skin specialists these can appear on face, chest, and back and produce a lot of redness around acne.

Treatment of Cystic acne

Home treatments can seem easy but are not so effective plus sometimes these can worsen the problem. Every best skin doctor will recommend only a medicinal treatment that is effective as well as safe. Here are some treatments that doctors follow to help their patients in such situation.

  1. Oral Antibiotics-To treat acne we can use Antibiotics like minocycline and doxycyclines. They will help to control the growth of bacteria on the skin. Some time antibiotics not respond to acne fast but they will surly prevent you from scaring in long term.

  2. Prescription-Strength Creams- Prescription-Strength Creams, lotions and gels can help to unclog pores and make the job of antibiotics easier. These Prescription medications are the Retin-A, Differin and Tazorac. They also prevent us from the attack of bacteria and also helpful in reducing the redness.

  3. Accutane- Accutane is also a type of medicine that is used to treat the cystic acne. It reduces the Amount of oil released by oil glands and also helps the skin to renew itself fast. But while taking this always be careful. Take it as a pill once or twice a day for five to six month that too on the prescription of any skin specialist. Only regular treatment gives you the best result.

  4. Oral Contraceptives-For some women birth control pills are also effective to reduce the cystic acne. But it is a highly risky factor if you intake them without prescription of a skin doctor.



Make sure you consult your doctor before starting any of the above treatments. Dr Navin Taneja at Thenationalskincentre can guide you in any skin related problem.