How to reduce pigmentation disorder

Talk to your dermatologist to cure your unpleasing hyper pigmentation

Pigmentation, often described as uneven skin tone, is a common problem with, mostly, fair-skinned people. Pigmentation can easily occur on the face, the neck or any other part of the body. The most causes of skin pigmentation are stress, smoking, excess exposure to sun, frequent use of hair dye, intense skin treatments, and poor diet. It may occur to people of any age and can if not taken care of, can get darker and darker.

Generally, the skin pigmentation has been categorized into four types:

  • Freckles
  • Melasma
  • Dark spots and blemishes
  • Hyper pigmentation
  • Skin pigmentation does not look very good and makeup does not help enough to hide its effect. Many people are going for treatments in order to get their flawless skin back.

    Treatments available to reduce skin pigmentation

    Thanks to the medical science, there are a few good and healthy treatments available to lessen the effect of skin pigmentation.

    Phototherapy: The most common and frequently suggested treatment. It uses intense pulse light to fade or lighten up the pigmentation spots on your face. The results are appeasing.

    Topical skin lightening creams: The easiest and the cheapest way of reducing skin pigmentation. Skin lightening creams help you fade off the spots; however, the results may vary from skin type to skin type.

    Chemical peel: Also known as TCA peels or deep pigmentary peels is recommended to rectify the pigmentation. It works by exfoliating the layers of skin and lightening the dark spots and black patches.

    Laser skin resurfacing: – Another popular treatment to get rid of those dark spots on your face. It removes the skin layer by layer with care. It reduces scars and acne spots as well.

    Although the above mentioned pigmentation treatments are safe and bear good results when administered under a dermatologist, it is always advised to get your skin properly checked and diagnosed by an experienced dermatologist first. The skin specialists will look for the depth of pigmentation and the cause for the same. The treatment is them suggested based on those lines.

    Prevention from getting skin pigmentation

    The most common reason for getting skin pigmentation is excess exposure to the sun. Hence, the first rule of prevention is sunblock. Ensure to use a sunblock that has PA+++ and contain minimum PPD 38. You may apply the sunblock three times a day.

    • Other preventions may include common health tips such as:
    • Getting a good amount of sleep
    • Taking vitamins and minerals
    • Quitting smoking
    • Using sun protection like proper clothing and umbrella
    • Avoiding stress