Genital Warts Symptoms, Signs, types and Treatment
Genital Warts are external genital lesions without severe consequences. The causative agent is human HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) types 6 and 11 in 90 to 95% of cases. As a sexually transmitted disease, it affects both men and women, especially at the beginning of sexuality. Genital warts symptoms depend on types of warts then accordingly after examine doctor prescribed the treatment of genital warts
“It is a disease with frequent recurrence in about 30% of cases but without risk of cancer development,” told Dr. Navin Taneja.
TYPES OF GENITAL WARTS
1. The flat Genital Warts which appear in the form of pink or red maculae located in the anal mucosa;
2. The Genital Warts acuminate, which are lesions in the way of grayish or rosy buds, sometimes placed on a
kind of foot.
KNOWN SYMPTOMS OF GENITAL WARTS
The incubation of the virus, once contracted, can last between 1 to 8 months in general. Some individuals, however, have resistance to the virus and show signs only much later. This disease is manifested mainly by small warts or skin growths on the anal part or the genitals and sometimes in the throat or in the mouth.
The growths have various colors (gray, red, pink or the color similar to that of the skin) and different shapes (flat lesions, rooster crests, buttons, and cauliflower) depending on their location. Genital Warts are often localized:
• On the penis in humans. It happens that they appear around the anus and on the scrotum, but this is rare;
• On the anal ride, at the perineum and the vulva in women. In rare cases, they are observed in the vagina and on
• Anus, pubic, throat, and mouth in both men and women.
PHYSICAL AND SURGICAL TREATMENTS OF GENITAL WARTS
• Cryotherapy: It is a therapeutic method that uses cold in different forms. In the case of Genital Warts, it
consists of applying liquid nitrogen to freeze them, but this causes frequent side effects including ulcerations
• The CO 2 laser: It requires local or general anesthesia according to the severity of the lesions.
• Electro coagulation: It is proposed in case of serious lesions with local or general anesthesia.
THE DIAGNOSIS OF GENITAL WARTS
The diagnosis is simple since genital warts are most often detected with the naked eye. Nevertheless, The National Skin Centre carefully examines the patient since it is not uncommon for the lesions to hide in the mucosa or in skin folds. Besides, they can be the same color as the skin. When they are not observable, sometimes acetic acid is used to highlight them.
To confirm the diagnosis or the slightest doubt, Doctor takes a piece of skin for examination under a microscope. He performs as well as the biopsy but Dr Navin Taneja diagnose without biopsy very perfectly. It can also search for potential cancerous strains by performing the cervicovaginal smear. It involves microscopic analysis of cell slides after collecting cervical cells.