Keloids are actual scar tissue that forms because the body over-defends itself as a result of trauma or surgical treatments. Sometimes people get a blood or pus filled growth on a new piercing and mistake this for., It is not. Keloid scars are often accompanied by sharp pain and itching, and in some cases, they can impair movement, especially if located over a joint.
If your scar is new then its better avoid sun exposure. Apply good amount of sun block liberally. Sun block should be repeated every three hourly so that the tissue regeneration is not affected. If you don’t protect your skin then you can feel the colour changes in appearance of the skin.
Avoid tight clothes as much as you can if they are rubbing your scarred skin. Scar tissue is more sensitive so it can get irritated
If your scar is near bones like elbow, shin and ankle then protect and be careful not to injure the scar tissue again
Scarred skin needs more attention and care so never avoid them. Take proper care of the skin which is scared.
One can use camouflaging agents to cover the scars on face, neck by asking your dermatologist. Camouflaging agents or medical concellors are sweat proof and wash proof.
Atrophic Scar - These scars are flat and depressed below the surrounding skin. They are generally small commonly arise after chicken pox .
Hypertrophic Scars - These are raised scars that remain within boundaries the original lesion, generally regressing spontaneously after the injury. Hypertrophic scars are often red, inflamed, itchy and even painful.
Scar Contractures -Scars that cross joints or skin creases at right angles are prone to develop shortening or contracture. Scar contractures occur when the scar is not fully matured, often tend to be hypertrophic.
Keloids - by contrast, may start sometime after the injury and extend beyond the wound site. This tendency to migrate into surrounding areas that weren’t injured to begin will distinguish Keloids from hypertrophic scars.
These are shiny and is often dome – shaped .The color ranges from slightly pink to red.
Keloids can occur on part of the body .They are most commonly located on the chest, upper back and shoulders.
The major sign is a flesh or lighter colored modular or ridged growths over scars on the skin.
This is the latest cryo treatment for the keloid. We inject the cryogen, liquid nitrogen inside the keloid till the time the keloid is completely frozen. It takes few minutes to thaw. Done by sterile cryo needles.
In combination with intrlesional steroid, cryo therapy gives the best results.
Cause of keloid formation is really unknown by the doctors, but it may be because of changes in the cellular signals that control growth and proliferation may be related to the process of keloid formation, but these changes have not yet been characterized scientifically.